Department of GHPD, BIRDEM General Hospital, 122 Kazi Nazrul Islam Avenue, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
Department of Medicine, East West Medical College, Turag, Uttara, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Background and objectives:Esophageal malignancy is a fatal disease. Squamous cell cancer and
adenocarcinoma are two most common types. The present study aimed to describe
demographic characteristics, clinical features, histological types and associated
among the selected Bangladeshi patients with esophageal cancers.
Methods:This cross-sectional descriptive study was
conducted from January to December 2016 at two hospitals in Bangladesh. Total
35 adult patients diagnosed as having esophageal cancer were consecutively and
purposively included in this study. Age, gender, history of chewing betel nut
and smoking, clinical presentation and laboratory parameters were recorded
systematically in a predesigned data sheet.
Results:Among the 35 patients
with esophageal cancer, 80% were more than 50 yrs of age while 71.4% and 28.6% were
male and female respectively. Out of these cases, 27 (77.1%) had squamous cell
carcinoma (SCC) and 8 (22.9%) had adenocarcinoma. Out of 27 SCC, 15 (55.6%) had lesion in mid-esophagus, 9 (33.3%) in lower
and 3 (11.1%) in upper esophagus. All adenocarcinoma were present in
lower esophagus. History of smoking and chewing betel nut were not
significantly associated with esophageal cancers.
Conclusions: Esophageal carcinoma was
common in elderly male and SCC was more frequent compared to
adenocarcinoma. Further study with
larger number of samples is required to determine the role of smoking and betel
nut chewing in esophageal cancers in Bangladeshi population.
IMC J Med
Sci 2017; 11(2): 36-39
Address for Correspondence:Dr.
Md. Nazmul Hoque, Consultant and Head, Department of GHPD, Ibrahim Medical
College & BIRDEM General Hospital, 122 Kazi Nazrul Islam Avenue, Dhaka,
Bangladesh. Email: email@example.com